Urban jobless rate at 9.1% in Jan-Mar 2020

New Delhi: Unemployment in urban areas rose to 9.1% in January-March 2020 from 7.9% in October-December 2019 from 8.4% in the previous quarter, data released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in the quarterly bulletin of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) showed on Thursday.

Urban unemployment was 9.3% in the March quarter of 2019.

Urban unemployment in the age group 15-29 years was 21.1%.

The PLFS is based on the current weekly status (CWS) approach in which a person is considered unemployed in a week if he/she did not work even for one hour but sought or was available for work at least for one hour during the week.

Unemployment rate in urban males including transgenders was 8.7% while that in females was 10.5%.

However, the sample size was lower in the survey compared to the previous four quarters and consisted of 1.73 lakh people and 43,971 households in the quarter ended March 31, 2020, compared with 1.79 lakh people and 45,555 households in October-December 2019, according to the latest PLFS.

Of the total number of workers of the age 15 years and above, 62.4% were in the tertiary sector, 32.5% in the secondary sector and 5.1% in agriculture.

The labour force participation rate rose to 37.5%- atleast a five quarter high while the worker population ratio was a tad bit lower at 34.1% from 34.2% in the December quarter.

Labour-force according to CWS is the number of persons either employed or unemployed on an average in a week of seven days preceding the date of the survey. Worker population ratio is defined as the percentage of workers in the population. The estimate of workforce in the CWS provides the number of persons worked for at least one hour on any day during the seven days preceding the date of the survey.

Based on the broad status in employment in urban areas, the highest were regular wage/salaried employees at 50.5% among those aged 15 years and above. Self-employed and own account workers were the next two big categories in the urban employment categories.

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